In the two expresses, the two dominant part gatherings battled against one another for the control of the local government (Aalen 2002:69). In Somali, the contentions have been between various pastoralist factions of the Somali clan. In Afar district, which is additionally a pastoralist and tribe based society, a similar issue has been experienced.
Most of the contentions in Ethiopia that are named 'ethnic', are about land and the limits between territorialized ethnic gatherings (Abbink 2006:389). That is, the government structure which depends on ethnicity adds to ethnic pressures and clashes, broadening the differences among the ethnic gatherings. Had it not been ethnic federalism, there could have been a balance model of federalism, with corresponding regional and populace size in the different sub-local states – which could have could possibly decrease clashes. Presently, nonetheless, ethnic gatherings are rivaling one another and a few between ethnic clashes have emerged crosswise over limits of provincial expresses that are drawn along ethnic lines (Legesse 2015:2; Abbink 2006:390). Ethnic clashes especially prompted damage, passing, and removals of residents in Afar, Gambella